What exactly is Saffron, and what does it taste like? Many people who read this article are familiar with Saffron and saffron powder. Still, for those unfamiliar with this plant full of aroma, taste, and properties, we will explain everything there is so that you know about the Crocus sativus or Saffron plant and its properties. Saffron tastes sweet and floral. This spice has an earthy, subtle flavor. Nevertheless, those that taste bitter or metallic are cheap imitations of this unique and expensive spice.
Crocus sativus is a valuable plant that can be used in a variety of ways and provides numerous benefits. The corm-cultivated saffron plant develops into a small, purple, and very delicate blossom with three red stigmas (saffron threads) in the center of its beautiful flowers, which are the colorful and fragrant Saffron used in many foods and beverages! Saffron color can make the food look twice as awesome.
It is worth noting that because the Crocus sativus cannot grow in large numbers or bushes and is very delicate, it is difficult to cultivate and harvest, which accounts for its high value and price. However, its high value is due to other factors as well. It has three valuable substances that distinguish it from other plants and spices: crocin (coloring pigment), picrocrocin (flavoring pigment), and safranal (aroma pigment).
Different Types of Saffron
Saffron may appear to have the same appearance, but as will be explained, it has different varieties depending on climatic conditions, harvest type, pure saffron flower separation method, and so on. The following is a list of saffron types in order of quality, beginning with the best:
- Super Negin saffron: This is the best quality saffron in terms of cultivation and harvesting, have a distinctive flavor with a high percentage of crocin and safranal and distinctive flavor, more aroma and color than other types. And it often has the highest saffron price, the most expensive saffron type.
- Pseudo-Negin saffron: This type is the most coloring type, but it is not comparable to Super Negin saffron.
- Negin saffron: This type is different from other types in appearance and its strands are not curled, as are other types, and its saffron threads heads are separate and completely red.
- Sargol saffron: This is the most widely used type of saffron and its strands lack yellow or white roots.
- Pooshal (Straw) saffron: The strands of this type are red and yellow and it is less coloring than Sargol and Negin saffrons.
- Dasteh saffron: This type has strands with white roots and redheads dried and packed in bundles.
- Risheh (Root) Saffron (also known as white or cream saffron): The term "root" does not refer to the root of the flower that is planted in the ground; rather, it refers to the end of the saffron threads (stigma). This type of saffron plant imparts flavor and aroma to food in the same way that red saffron color does, but it is less colorful and less expensive.
Saffron powder is a form of saffron that is known for having a rich gold color along with an earthy, intense, and fruity unique flavor (source). There are many recipes that use it, including saffron tea, saffron rice, and many other dishes.
You can buy saffron in the powdered, dried form where the whole stigma has been ground into a fine powder. You can also purchase it in its whole dried state.
Saffron is an Iranian plant that has a unique and distinctive flavor, aroma and color, as well as amazing properties that are discussed further below. As previously stated, the useful part of real saffron is its red strand (stigma), which contains minerals, mucilage, and fat.
The benefits of saffron can the prevention and treatment of a variety of diseases, one of which is the reduction of cholesterol and fat. It is also an antispasmodic, sedative, appetizing, memory enhancer, and aids in the prevention of cancer and heart disease, as well as the reduction of blood pressure.
It is also used to treat stomach aches, anemia, eye diseases, asthma, jaundice, skin diseases, premenstrual syndrome, bloating and digestion issues, urinary tract infections, and gum pains.
Saffron as an Antidepressant
Saffron powder can be added to your meals or drinks not only to treat but also to prevent depression. If you want to smile more, this plant has exhilarating and anti-depressant properties, according to research and experiments. A cup of saffron tea per day will help you relax and achieve peace of mind!
This expensive spice can also be used to improve concentration and prevent Alzheimer's disease. Saffron tea, in addition to calming the nerves, lowers your risk of heart disease by preventing the accumulation of cholesterol in the arteries.
Saffron, according to research conducted at Italian universities, is effective in regulating the function of vision cells. Crocus sativus protects eye cells from disease and slows disease progression. Saffron can help improve genetic eye diseases to some extent if consumed on a daily basis in your diet.
The Saffron plant, interestingly, contains vitamin C, which helps to strengthen the immune system against diseases, and microbial and viral agents. Vitamin C aids in the production of collagen wound healing cells and tissue, blood vessel repair, and muscle growth.
Price of saffron
The history of this spice traces back to ancient times when it was admired for its color, flavor, and medicinal properties. Approximately, around 75000 saffron blossoms are needed to produce one kg of saffron spice. It's high! Saffron is generally harvested by hand. The difficulty in harvesting saffron makes it one of the most expensive spices. The End-User saffron spice depends on the farmer's saffron rating based on its coloring power, smell, and taste. It is necessary to perform lab experiments on saffron quality to rate it. This experiment determines Saffron's quality by compounds such as Crocin, Safranal, Picrocrocin, Crocetin, etc. The highest price belongs to the Super Negin type of Persian Saffron, grade 1. Authentic brands of Iranian saffron, such as Behraman saffron, Zaran saffron, and Mostafavi saffron allow you to buy your best saffron product with complete confidence.
Saffron Price Per Gram or Per Ounce in Canada and United States?
As you know, people in different countries use different units for weight measurement. For Saffron, "Gram" and "Ounce" are the most popular units. While Gram is an international unit (SI unit), and Ounce is an "Imperial unit" for weight and mass measurement. Generally, "Ounce" is popular in Canada and the USA, and "Gram" is used in most other world regions. Since 1 Once equals 28.35 Grams, note the weight unit when considering the saffron price.
Why is Saffron so costly?
The price of Saffron is affected by many factors, such as the cultivation process, after-cultivation steps, and delivery costs. The essential item is the time-consuming, heavy, and precise saffron cultivation and preparation process. To produce 1 kg of Saffron, farmers must plant, harvest, and prepare at least 75000 saffron flowers. This is a very detailed and challenging process.
How to Consume Saffron?
Saffron is also called kesar, zaafran or jafron and has a variety of properties, including the ability to color due to the presence of crocin. When the crocin in saffron is removed, it gives the most color to the food. Iranians typically brew saffron in a variety of ways for this purpose. Before brewing, they crush saffron strings and a little sugar in a small container known as a mortar and pestle (a small cup or bowl can also be used instead of it). Sugar aids in the pulverization of saffron and the release of its coloring substances, allowing them to dissolve in water.
After thoroughly pulverizing the saffron and making some saffron powder, combine the required amount in a glass with a little hot water and let it rest for 10 to 15 minutes to allow the saffron color, aroma, and flavor come to emerge. Some people, however, use other methods for coloring and using saffron, such as placing small pieces of ice on the saffron powder and waiting for it to melt instead of hot water.
High-quality, pure saffron takes a few minutes to color the food, so if your saffron does so right away, it is not of high quality.
Iranian saffron is used in a variety of Iranian dishes, including Zereshk Polow, tahchin, saffron chicken, and grilled chicken, as well as confections and desserts like halva, Sholezard (a saffron rice pudding dessert), traditional ice cream, Masqati, Sohan, etc. It can also be used to make a variety of hot and cold drinks.
The Last Word about cyruscrafts saffron
It is hoped that you have learned enough about "Saffron" a fragrant, tasty, and high-quality Iranian spice/ingredient. This article was written so that you can get a grasp on Iranian treats, snacks, and customs. For several years, saffron and other Iranian products have been produced and exported to other countries, including Europe, Canada and the United States, but we intend to contribute to their production and export by utilizing CyrusCrafts' capabilities and knowledge.
The sale of saffron in Canada and the United States at the best price is done by the cyruscrafts. Our Company will provide you with very high-quality and unique products as part of its specialized activity in preparing, selling, and exporting the best Iranian saffron so that you can have a wonderful and one-of-a-kind taste and serve your guests in a unique and different way.