What exactly is Saffron, and what does it taste like? Many people who read this article are familiar with Saffron and saffron powder. Still, we will explain everything about the Crocus sativus or Saffron plant for those unfamiliar with this plant, full of aroma, taste, and properties. This spice has an earthy and subtle flavor. Nevertheless, those with bitter or metallic taste are cheap imitations of this unique and expensive spice.
Crocus sativus is a valuable plant that can be used in various ways and provides numerous benefits. The saffron plant develops into a small, purple, and delicate blossom with three red stigmas (saffron threads). In the center of these beautiful flowers are the colorful and fragrant saffron used in many foods and beverages! Saffron color can make the food look twice as awesome.
It is worth noting that because the Crocus sativus cannot grow in large numbers or bushes and is very delicate, it is difficult to cultivate and harvest, which accounts for its high value and price. However, its high value is due to other factors as well. It has three valuable substances that distinguish it from other plants and spices: crocin (coloring pigment), picrocrocin (flavoring pigment), and safranal (aroma pigment).
Different Types of Saffron
Saffron, also known as red gold, may have the same appearance. Still, as will be explained, it has different varieties depending on climatic conditions, harvest type, pure saffron flower separation method, and so on. Starting with the best, here are the saffron types listed in order of quality:
- Super Negin saffron: This is the best quality saffron in terms of cultivation and harvesting, have a distinctive flavor with a high percentage of crocin and safranal and distinctive flavor, more aroma and color than other types. And it often has the highest saffron price, the most expensive saffron type.
- Pseudo-Negin saffron: This type is the most coloring type, but it is not comparable to Super Negin saffron.
- Negin saffron: This type is different from other types in appearance and its strands are not curled, as are other types, and its saffron threads heads are separate and completely red.
- Sargol saffron: This is the most widely used type of saffron and its strands lack yellow or white roots.
- Pooshal (Straw) saffron: The strands of this type are red and yellow and it is less coloring than Sargol and Negin saffrons.
- Dasteh saffron: This type has strands with white roots and redheads dried and packed in bundles.
- Risheh (Root) Saffron (also known as white or cream saffron): The term "root" does not refer to the root of the flower that is planted in the ground; rather, it refers to the end of the saffron threads (stigma). This type of saffron plant imparts flavor and aroma to food in the same way that red saffron color does, but it is less colorful and less expensive.
Saffron powder is a form of saffron known for having a rich gold color and an earthy, intense, and fruity unique flavor. Many recipes include saffron tea, saffron rice, and many other dishes.
You can buy saffron online in powdered or dried form, where the whole stigma has been ground into a fine powder. You can also purchasing saffron in its whole dried state.
Saffron is an Iranian plant with a unique and distinctive flavor, aroma, color, and amazing properties discussed further below. As said before, the useful part of real saffron is its red strand (stigma), which contains minerals, mucilage, and fat.
The benefits of saffron can improve the prevention and treatment of various diseases, including reducing cholesterol and fat. It is also an antispasmodic, sedative, appetizing, memory enhancer, and aids in the prevention of cancer and heart disease, as well as the reduction of blood pressure.
It also treats stomach aches, anemia, eye diseases, asthma, jaundice, skin diseases, premenstrual syndrome, bloating and digestion issues, urinary tract infections, and gum pains.
The saffron powder can be added to your meals or drinks to treat and prevent depression. According to research and experiments, this plant has exhilarating and anti-depressant properties if you want to smile more. You can achieve peace of mind by drinking saffron tea daily!
This expensive spice can also improve concentration and prevent Alzheimer's disease. As well as calming your nerves, saffron tea prevents cholesterol from accumulating in your arteries, lowering your risk of heart disease.
This red gold can help improve genetic eye diseases if consumed daily in your diet.
Interestingly, The Saffron plant contains vitamin C, which helps strengthen the immune system against diseases, and microbial and viral agents. Vitamin C aids in producing collagen, wound-healing cells and tissue, blood vessel repair, and muscle growth.
Price of saffron
The history of this spice traces back thousands of years ago when it was admired for its color, flavor, and medicinal properties. Around 75000 saffron blossoms are needed to produce one kg of saffron spice. It's high! Saffron is generally harvested by hand. The difficulty in harvesting saffron makes it one of the most expensive spices. The End-User saffron spice depends on the farmer's saffron rating based on its coloring power, smell, and taste. It is necessary to perform lab experiments on saffron quality to rate it. This experiment determines Saffron's quality by compounds such as Crocin, Safranal, Picrocrocin, Crocetin, etc. The highest price belongs to the Super Negin type of Persian Saffron, grade 1. Authentic brands of Iranian saffron, such as Behraman saffron, Zaran saffron, and Mostafavi saffron, allow you to buy your best saffron product with complete confidence.
Saffron Price Per Gram or Per Ounce in Canada and United States?
As you know, people in different countries use different units for weight measurement. For Saffron, "Gram" and "Ounce" are the most popular units. While Gram is an international unit (SI unit), and Ounce is an "Imperial unit" for weight and mass measurement. Generally, "Ounce" is popular in Canada and the USA, and "Gram" is used in most other world regions. Since 1 Once equals 28.35 Grams, note the weight unit when buying saffron online.
Why is Saffron so costly?
The price of Saffron is affected by many factors, such as the cultivation process, after-cultivation steps, and delivery costs. The essential item is the time-consuming, heavy, and precise saffron cultivation and preparation process. To produce 1 kg of Saffron, farmers must plant, harvest, and prepare at least 75000 saffron flowers. This is a very detailed and challenging process.
How to Consume Saffron?
Saffron, also called Kesar, Zaafran, or Jafron, has various properties, including the ability to color due to crocin. When the crocin in saffron is removed, it gives the most color to the food. Iranians typically brew saffron in a variety of ways for this purpose. Before brewing, they crush saffron strings and a little sugar in a small container known as a mortar and pestle (a small cup or bowl can also be used instead of it). Sugar aids in the pulverization of saffron and the release of its coloring substances, allowing them to dissolve in water.
After thoroughly pulverizing the saffron and making some saffron powder, combine the required amount in a glass with a little hot water and let it rest for 10 to 15 minutes to allow the saffron color, aroma, and flavor to emerge. Some people, however, use other methods for coloring and using saffron, such as placing small pieces of ice on the saffron powder and waiting for it to melt instead of hot water.
High-quality, pure saffron takes a few minutes to color the food, so if your saffron does so right away, it is of low quality.
Iranian saffron is used in a variety of Iranian dishes, including Zereshk Polow, tahchin, saffron chicken, and grilled chicken, as well as confections and desserts like halva, Sholezard (a saffron rice pudding dessert), traditional ice cream, Masqati, Sohan, etc. It can also be used to make various hot and cold drinks.
The Last Word about cyruscrafts saffron
It is hoped that you have learned enough about "Saffron" a fragrant, tasty, and high-quality Iranian spice/ingredient. This article was written so that you can get a grasp on Iranian treats, snacks, and customs. For several years, saffron and other Iranian products have been produced and exported to other countries, including Europe, Canada and the United States, but we intend to contribute to their production and export by utilizing CyrusCrafts' capabilities and knowledge.
The sale of saffron in Canada and the United States at the best price is done by the cyruscrafts. Our Company will provide you with very high-quality and unique products as part of its specialized activity in preparing, selling, and exporting the best Iranian saffron so that you can have a wonderful and one-of-a-kind taste and serve your guests in a unique and different way.