Backgammon is one of the oldest board games, dating back to 3000 BC. It is a game of chance and strategy and is famous worldwide. Available documents show that backgammon tournaments at the level of grand prizes first started in Las Vegas. In 1967, an American player named "Tim Holland" won this tournament round, and his championship did not end 1967. He maintained the Las Vegas tournament championship position for the United States in 1968 and 1971. This post from the CyrusCrafts website guides backgammon setup beginners and enthusiasts.

How many backgammon pieces?

Backgammon pieces and their details are not complicated; pay attention to the following sentences. It is played by two players with fifteen pieces (checkers) of the same color. In other words, backgammon pieces contain fifteen white checkers plus fifteen black checkers.

Also, each player has their own pair of dice. A double cube with the numbers 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 64 is used to track round stocks.

Backgammon set up

Backgammon board layout

The Backgammon board layout consists of 24 long triangles called dots or points. The triangles mostly alternate in color (in the below picture, they have the same color) and are divided into four quadrants of six triangles.

The four quarters are the player's home board and outboard and the opponent's home board and outboard. A divider separates home boards and outboards in the middle of the backgammon board layout.

The initial positions of the parts are arranged as shown below. Points range from 24 on the opponent's home board to 1 on the player's board.

The game's object is to move all your pieces to the board and then remove (destroy) the pieces entirely from the board. As shown, players move their backgammon pieces in opposite directions, following a horseshoe-shaped path.

backgammon board setup

backgammon board setup

Backgammon setup

After the backgammon board layout item, how to set up the board is the first thing you need to know to play the game.

  • Understanding the overall layout. We explained this in the previous section.
  • Each player must take 15 pieces.
  • Put two checkers on your 24-point board.
  • Setup for backgammon board 13-point with five checkers.
  • Position 3 checkers on 8-point.
  • Set up the board with the 5 remaining checkers on 6-point.
  • Ensure that no checkers overlap.

After all of these in setup for the backgammon board, you are getting ready for starting position and being a winner.

backgammon movement rules

Backgammon Rules of starting position

Backgammon rules are easy. To starting position, each player rolls a dice, and the player with the higher number moves first using both dice numbers.

You may ask, what should be done when both players roll the same number? If both players roll the same number, the dice are rolled again until they roll different numbers.

Players then take turns rolling two dice at the beginning of each round. Dice must always stack together and lie flat on the right side of the board. If they hit the outside or die, the dice must be re-rolled.

Getting started: How to play backgammon

The dice determine how many numbers the player is going to move. The seeker always follows the horseshoe path to the player's board.

backgammon board setup and starting position

Move of backgammon pieces

A point that is not occupied by two or more opposing pieces is an open point. When moving, a piece in the backgammon may only be placed in one open dot.

Two dice forms have two separate moves.

  • For example, if a player rolled a 6 and a 4, he might move one piece 6 spaces to an open triangle and another piece 4 spaces to an open point.

backgammon pieces and movements after dice rolling

  • A player may also choose to move the same piece twice, as long as each move leads to an open point.

type of movements in backgammon game

When paired, the numbers on the dice are played twice. For example, if a player lands a pair of fives, he may move his checkers four times of 5 in any combination on open points.

The player must move both the rolled numbers if possible (if they roll four numbers). Suppose only one of the numbers is playable because only one open point is available. In that case, the player must play that number. If either number can be played but not both, the larger number must be played. The player loses his turn if neither of the two numbers is playable. If a player cannot play all four numbers in a pair, the player must play as many numbers as possible.

Hitting and entering of checkers

Hitting and entering checkers in the backgammon setting has special conditions that you must be careful about during the game so as not to allow your opponent to hit your checkers and take them out of the game.

Hitting checkers

An open dot that includes an opposing piece is a weakness. In this case, the opposite piece is hit, and the opposite piece that was hit is placed on the bar.

Entering checkers

When a player has one or more pieces in the bar, he must first re-enter them on his opponent's home board. A piece is entered by rolling two dice and moving it to the spot corresponding to one of the numbers on the opponent's home board.
how to re-enter a piece in backgammon game

If the backgammon pieces on the rod fail to enter an open spot, the player loses their turn, and the piece(s) remain on the rod. A player cannot move another piece until all of his pieces are off the bar. If a player manages to get some of his pieces in but still has a piece on the bar, his turn is over.

Bearing off in the backgammon setup

Backgammon bearing off is not complicated When all of a player's pieces are on his home board, he can begin the process of removing them. This is done with the dice number corresponding to a point with dice on it.
bearing off in backgammon board

If a player cannot remove a piece, he must play with pieces from the previous dots.
backgammon bearing off and rules

Doubling cube in the backgammon set up

If we want to describe the double, it should be said that the double cube is exactly like a knife or a gun, which is placed in the bar and between two players. Both players can use this deadly tool at any time in the game. But this weapon can kill the opponent and can harm the player himself. You should also know that a person or a player can use this weapon if he has access to it.

When can you use a double cube?

Be careful that you must place between the double cube two players or on your side so you can use it. If you give this cube to the opponent, it means that you have given the knife to the opponent, and you have to wait for the opponent to use it against you at any moment.

Double cube in the backgammon set up raises the stake at any point in the game. At the beginning of the game, the double cube with 64 is placed face up on the bar. Before starting a player's turn, that player may propose to double the current stake. The opponent either accepts (takes) double stakes or resigns (gives up) and loses the match and current stakes.

If the opponent captures, he owns the cube, and we turn the cube so that 2 is facing up. After that, only the cube owner has the right to propose to double the stake again. If the opponent captures, the ownership of the cube is transferred to him, and this process can continue from 4 to 8 and beyond. There is no limit to doubling; even the maximum number in the cube is 64.

Double cube (pairs) in the backgammon set up

Endings of the backgammon game

In every game, a winner and a loser must be determined. The object of the backgammon game is in three ways, and points are scored.

In the first case that a point is awarded to the winner, the winning procedure is such that a player takes out 15 checkers earlier than his opponent. In that case, the opponent must take out one or more checkers.

Gammons and backgammons

Gammons and backgammons are the second and third ways to defeat the opponent, as explained in the previous section.

Gammons describes a situation where a player has borne off 15 pieces, and his opponent has collected his pieces in his home board but has not been able to bear off any of his pieces from the board. In this situation, two points belong to the winner.

Backgammon is the third form of winning backgammon and has three points for the winner. And this is achieved when a player has borne off all 15 checkers from the board, but the other player has at least one checker in the opponent's home board.

Backgammon setup and rules FAQ

There are a series of frequently asked technical questions about the Backgammon game that we will explain. So, if a question is bothering you, follow these details and the rules of the backgammon board more carefully.

Can I pass when it’s my turn?

No, your only option is to play on your turn and roll the dice. And if it is impossible to play all your dice, you should play as much as possible. For example, if you roll a pair of 5 and can only play three of your four 5's, that's what you must do.

Is it ok to have more than five pieces on a triangular?

Yes, having more than five pieces on a triangular is okay. You may put as many checkers as you want on a point. Collect them one on top of another if you run out of triangular.

Can I play low number first when bearing off?

Yes, as long as each number is played legally, you may play your numbers in either order. Using your low number first can get you out of a sticky situation.

Can I play one number in such a way as to avoid playing the other?

No, you must play both numbers of a roll. Sometimes this means making a move you don't like so you can also play your other number.

backgammon regeln

Luxury backgammon sets, enjoyable decorative object

You can buy ordinary and cheap backgammon boards and create fun for yourself, your friends, your family and your children. It is also good entertainment for family and friendly parties as a game.

But you can use luxury backgammon sets as a unique decorative object in your home or office. A luxury backgammon set, remarkably affects your home environment and makes the game much more enjoyable.

Luxury backgammon sets are divided into 2 categories:

  1. Backgammon boards
  2. Backgammon tables

Most luxury backgammon sets are handicraft and wooden. The most famous handicraft is inlay backgammon.

Alternative games for backgammon

In this section, we would like to introduce a very similar game to the backgammon game. This game is considered one of the board and strategic games, and luck is a small part of it; everything depends on the strategies in the game.

Like backgammon, chess is a game for two players and has two types of white and black pieces. If you are interested, read more about chessboard layout and setup.

The point that made us introduce this strategic game is that chess and backgammon are usually presented on a board; in other words, one side of the board is backgammon, and the other side (behind the board) is chess.

On the Chess Backgammon Set page, you can see a variety of chess and backgammon boards, as well as table types, with the best prices and free shipping throughout Canada and the USA.

In this text, we visually taught the backgammon game. With a bit of practice and precision, you will learn this fascinating game, and you can have an exciting competition in friendly matches. You can share this tutorial on your other social pages and share your experience and opinions of this game with the CyrusCrafts team.

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Comments (23)

    • Alex
    • 2022-10-29 02:08:25
    Do I need the exact number to bear off in backgammon?
    • 2022-10-29 02:08:58
    Do I need the exact number to bear off in backgammon?
    • CyrusCrafts Team
    • 2022-10-29 03:56:41
    Dear Alex, One man must be removed with the exact dice to bear off. The 3 point must be rolled to bear off a man on the 3 point. There is always a chance for the farthest men to bear-off, regardless of whether the dice is greater than the checker position.
    • Anna
    • 2022-11-21 05:38:01
    Let me tell you my own story of learning backgammon. When I was nine, I tough that backgammon was a complex board game, and I had never gone to start learning this game before that. On my birthday, I got a backgammon setup from my uncle, which was the starting point. After receiving my lovely backgammon setup, I started learning backgammon board games and, unbelievably, learned it within two hours.
    • Chris
    • 2022-11-21 06:07:48
    I can't believe the backgammon setup prices on this website! They are really praiseworthy.
    • CyrusCrafts Team
    • 2022-11-21 06:45:52
    Dear Anna Thank you for sharing your story about learning backgammon. Yes, it is exactly the same as you said. The backgammon setup is far from complicated. If you are interested in backgammon, you can see the types of this strategic and entertaining game from the following path. CyrusCrafts/ Handicrafts/ Chess Backgammon Set
    • CyrusCrafts Team
    • 2022-11-21 06:47:26
    Dear Chris, We have competitive prices throughout the United States and Canada.
    • Evelyn
    • 2022-11-30 03:16:14
    What numbers of the dice can pair the backgammon pieces in the backgammon setup?
    • CyrusCrafts Team
    • 2022-11-30 03:42:10
    Dear Evelyn, Pairing pieces in the backgammon setup is varied. But if you are in the starting position, you can pair the checkers in 6 ways. These 6 forms are: The dice numbers are the same, such as a pair of 6 or a pair of 2 or other numbers. Number 1 and 3. Numbers 2 and 4 dice. Numbers 3 and 5. Numbers 4 and 6 of dice. And also the pair of numbers 1 and 6.
    • Harper
    • 2022-11-30 03:58:26
    I want to tell you an exciting story about the backgammon setup that I heard about on my trip to Ontario. I was walking down the street when a craft shop caught my attention. When I entered the shopping store and asked the seller for information about a Inlaid backgammon board, he told me an interesting story about the backgammon layout. The summary of this story is as follows: the backgammon pieces are the same people who are together in peace or war and are trying to win. And white and black pieces represent night and day. Each board has 12 triangles that represent the 12 months of a year. The four sides of this game (shown in the first picture with numbers one to four) remind us of the year's four seasons. I hope this story is interesting for you too.
    • Amelia
    • 2022-12-14 05:19:20
    Is hit-and-run allowed (also known as "pick and pass")?
    • CyrusCrafts Team
    • 2022-12-14 05:33:57
    Dear Amelia, The answer to your question is yes. Yes, if you hit a piece, you are allowed to run your hitter to safety.
    • Ella
    • 2022-12-14 05:41:27
    Thank you for the useful information you provided about the backgammon setup. I heard the name Blot but I don't know what it is. Can you explain what a blot is?
    • CyrusCrafts Team
    • 2022-12-14 06:00:49
    Dear Ella, An isolated checker is referred to as a blot. Blots are hit and placed on the bar when an opposing checker lands on them.
    • Katrin
    • 2022-12-26 06:18:48
    Thanks for the informative information. Could you please introduce the best online backgammon game?
    • Katrin
    • 2022-12-26 06:18:54
    Thanks for the informative information. Could you please introduce the best online backgammon game?
    • Katrin
    • 2022-12-26 06:18:57
    Thanks for the informative information. Could you please introduce the best online backgammon game?
    • Katrin
    • 2022-12-26 06:19:18
    Thanks for the informative information. Could you please introduce the best online backgammon game?
    • Katrin
    • 2022-12-26 06:19:52
    Thanks for the informative information. Could you please introduce the best online backgammon game?
    • CyrusCrafts Team
    • 2022-12-28 00:45:20
    Dear Katrin, We don't have detailed information about the best backgammon games online. But if you like, leave your email so we can prepare a list of the best online backgammon game and send it to you as soon as possible.
    • Tug
    • 2023-01-18 02:47:49
    I am new to the game and trying to figure out the rules. 1/ you have to move your checkers from the home board, via the out board, back to home board before bearing off. Half your checkers are already in the out board. Do these have to go through the home board, around the out board (again) before being able to be removed? 2/ how does one (and your opponent) know which checkers are effectively ‘in play’ before being ready to bear off? 3/ white player’s home is always on their right, black’s on their left, yes? 4/ Is there/should there be a process to decide who is black and who is white, given that the board layout is a mirror image of each set up and not a reversed image?
    • Tug
    • 2023-01-18 02:48:18
    I am new to the game and trying to figure out the rules. 1/ you have to move your checkers from the home board, via the out board, back to home board before bearing off. Half your checkers are already in the out board. Do these have to go through the home board, around the out board (again) before being able to be removed? 2/ how does one (and your opponent) know which checkers are effectively ‘in play’ before being ready to bear off? 3/ white player’s home is always on their right, black’s on their left, yes? 4/ Is there/should there be a process to decide who is black and who is white, given that the board layout is a mirror image of each set up and not a reversed image?
    • CyrusCrafts Team
    • 2023-02-01 03:39:21
    Dear Tug, 1) Yes, in the backgammon setup, the checkers that are already in the out board need to go through the home board and around the out board again before being able to be removed. 2) Checkers are considered to be in play when they are inside a player's home board. Checkers in the out board can't be removed until they have been brought back into the home board. 3) Yes, the white player's home is always on their right, and the black player's home is always on their left. 4) There is no set process to decide who is black and who is white, however, it is often determined by chance. Generally, it is a good idea to use a die to decide who will be black and who will be white.

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