It is said that the Kohinoor diamond was formed about five thousand years ago. The Kohinoor was originally known as Madnayak or ‘King of Jewels’ before being renamed by its current owner. The Kohinoor diamond was taken away by the British East India Company and adorned the crown of Queen Victoria when she became the Empress Of India in the year 1877. Currently, the diamond is set in the Crown of Queen Elizabeth and is on display at the Tower Of London.

koohinoor diamond and  cullinan diamond

The Koh i noor diamond passed through the hands of various Indian and Persian rulers before ending up with Queen Victoria. It belonged to various Hindu, Mughal, Afghan and Sikh rulers.

The Story of Getting Koh i Noor by Nader Shah and Losing It

Nadershah, like previous Iranian kings such as Cyrus the Great and Darius, expanded the territory of Iran and added many areas to the territory of Iran. King Nader intended to conquer the country like the Achaemenid, but he was not morally like them and did not care much about people's freedom. In 1739, after many conquests, Nader Shah arrived in India and tried to conquer this land. The king of India at that time, who had a weak government and could not defend his land, wanted to keep his throne with impressive gifts. He presented two important treasures and diamonds of the Indian court to Nadir Shah; Two unique expensive diamonds, one shining on the king's crown and the other in the middle of the throne.

Seeing the diamond in the middle of the throne, Nader Shah was amazed and said that it is like a mountain of light(Kohinoor), and he used a sea of light (Daria-i-Noor) to describe the other diamond. These two names were preserved on two important historical diamonds: Kohinoor Diamond and Daria-i-Noor Diamond. Kohinoor diamond, which at that time still had its original weight, was one of the largest diamonds in the world, weighing 793 carats. Daria-i-Noor diamond was and is the biggest pink diamond in the world. The throne, decorated with Koh i noor diamonds, was in the shape of a peacock, and since then, it has been known as the rare peacock bed.

the history of the kohinoor diamond

After the death of Nader Shah, the throne of peacock throne fell into the hands of Ahmad Shah Durrani, he took the throne to Afghanistan, separated the diamond from it, and the throne was destroyed. After a while, he gave the diamond to Shah Shuja as a gift. Later, Shah Shoja colluded with the kingdom of India out of greed to get the government of Afghanistan and got the government of the region in exchange for the Kohinoor diamond. The diamond returned to India but did not last in this land. In 1849, after the British forces conquered Punjab, the Kohinoor kohinoor diamond price in dollars was transferred to the treasury of British jewels in an Indian company.

This time, another Indian king, in exchange for keeping his throne, gave away the Kohinoor diamond. Diamond Koh Noor was sent to Britain by ship. On the ship, when cholera had spread, and chaos and crowding had risen, the diamond of Kohinoor was lost for several days! Until the servant carrying the diamond was able to return the diamond. The Kohinoor was handed over to Queen Victoria in July 1850. At this time, the Kohinoor diamond weighed 186 carats.

Kohinoor Diamond and Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned for over 60 years, passed away on Thursday at Balmoral Castle. Following her death, social media became abuzz with demands for Kohinoor's return to India. 

While Queen Victoria I wore it as a brooch, it soon became a part of crown jewels – first in Queen Alexandra's crown and then in Queen Mary's crown.

Finally, it formed a part of a dazzling crown made in 1937 for Queen Elizabeth, consort of King George VI, for the latter's coronation on May 12, 1937. A detachable platinum mount holds the Kohinoor diamond in the crown's detachable platinum frame, which has a platinum frame set with 2,800 diamonds.

Queen Elizabeth's crown's Diamonds

Queen Elizabeth wore the crown without its arches at the State Openings of Parliament during the reign of King George VI and again at the coronation of her daughter, Queen Elizabeth II, in 1953. It was then set on her coffin in April 2002, marking the crown's last public appearance since then.

The Curse of Kohinoor Diamond

Kohinoor's curse has been discussed many times. Lord Dalhousie strongly believed that this great diamond was not cursed. He quotes Shah Shuja Durrani as telling Ranjit Singh that Kohinoor is a sign of good luck and one who possesses it has the power to defeat his enemies. Lord Dalhousie also notes that the diamond has belonged to some of the luckiest, richest, and most powerful kings in history. However, as history attests, many owners of the diamond, such as Shah Shoja, have been hit in the most horrific way possible. The Koh i noor diamond's checkered history is littered with owners who have suffered from blindness to slow poisoning, torture to death, burning in oil, and threats of drowning. They have experienced the pouring of molten lead on their heads and terror by their family and their closest guards. Even the passengers and crew of the ship "HMS Medea", which was transporting the Kohinoor from India to England in 1850, did not survive this curse and died due to the cholera epidemic and storm.

So, what happens to this cursed diamond now? Some have suggested that a museum should be built in Wahga on the border between India and Pakistan to preserve Kohinoor, accessible from both countries. Others have said that this diamond should be cut once more and a piece of it should be given to claimant countries, including Iran and Afghanistan. However, such a decision is unlikely to be satisfactory to the British and even to the various parties involved.

How Much is the Kohinoor Diamond Worth?

The value of the Kohinoor diamond is not precisely known, and since this stone is unique, it doesn't seem easy to determine a specific price for it. For this reason, it can be compared with another famous diamond called "Graff Pink", sold at an auction for 46 million dollars. The weight of this diamond is a little less than 25 carats, which is almost a quarter of the weight of Kohinoor. More than half a century ago, the price of Kohinoor diamond was about 200 million US dollars. It is said that the value of the British royal crown is between 10 and 12.7 billion dollars, and among the 2,800 diamonds in it, Kohinoor is considered the best of them. However, it is estimated that the price of Kohinoor is between 165 and 472 million dollars.

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