Minakari is the art of painting unique motifs with amazing colors on pottery and metal objects. As the first step, you should know that the words Mina and Meena are different forms of the name of one art. So, Mina kari and Meena kari are used interchangeably in this article, and wherever you see one of these words, consider them all the same. Nonetheless, make sure to place crafts like Resin with Mina glaze art. In the following, you will briefly review the art of Minakari painting enamel with its details, including an introduction, its history, different types, techniques, motifs, and colors, and finally, the most famous Meenakari painting masters.

minakari painting

What is Minakari Painting Art?

Minakari painting, also known as Meenakari art, is a traditional Persian art form that masterfully decorates pottery, glass, or metal surfaces, primarily copper, with vibrant colors and traditional designs. This ancient art form is characterized by its meticulous hand-painting technique and the use of vivid enamel colors to create stunning patterns and Meenakari motifs.

Meenakari Painting History

The art of Meenakari painting has a rich history, dating back to the Sasanid era in ancient Persia. During the Mughal Empire's persecution, some Iranians had to run to India; the Persian immigrants brought Minakari painting art to India, where it was further refined and popularized. Over the centuries, Meenakari has evolved into a highly esteemed art form, reflecting Iran and India's cultural and artistic heritage.

minakari painting art

Types of Minakari Paintings

Minakari paintings have various styles and motifs, the most important and popular of which are Mina Naghashi, Barjast-e Mina, and Khaneh Bandi. These Mina kari paintings are properly applied to various goods, such as jewelry, serving dishes, pendants, home interior design items, ceramic tiles, desk ornaments, glassware, etc.

Minakari Painting Techniques

Creating Minakari paintings involves several sophisticated techniques, including hand-painting, coloring the metal or clay base object's surfaces with Persian enamel paints, and firing them in a kiln at 700-800 Celsius to solidify the colors. Skilled artisans carefully apply layers of enameling colors to achieve the desired level of detail and brilliance, followed by polishing to enhance the luster of the finished piece, Minakari handicraft.

minakari painting techniques

Persian Minakari Painting Motifs

As Mina may be the other version of the word Minoo, the Persian name for paradise, Meenakari painting motifs suggest heaven's beauty, as mentioned in ancient Persia's fairy tales or religious ceremonies. Minakari painting enamels feature many motifs, each with symbolic significance and aesthetic appeal. Common motifs include Persian Miniature Painting, arabesque patterns, khataee motifs, bird and flower motifs, and intricate Eslimi geometric patterns, all reflecting the rich ethnographic history of Persia.

Iranian Minakari Painting Colors

The colors used in Iranian Minakari paintings are vibrant and bold, ranging from deep blues and rich greens to fiery reds and golden yellows. The most frequently used colors in Iran's Mina Kari art are Persian colors, the most prominent of which is Persian blue.
These vivid colors are achieved through specialized Minakari enamel paints, which are meticulously applied and fired to create a durable and lustrous finish.

Here is an attractive blog post about Persian Colors in details. You can read "Persian Color" on our magazine if you are interested.

Here is the mixture and fusing of paints for achieving Iranian meenakari painting colors:

Blue: Zinc Oxide, Flint, and Cobalt oxide

Green: Lead chromate, Copper Shavings, and Flint

Yellow: Iron Filings, Tin Oxide, Chromium Oxide, and Lead

Purple: Gold Solution, Ammonium Chloride

Brown: Zinc Oxide, Iron Oxide, and Green Chrome

Black: Manganese Dioxide, Iron Oxide, Cobalt, and Lead

White: Enamel artists typically avoid using white in the Persian Mina Kari. Instead, they use the color of the base material or draw white lines.

minakari painting colors

The Most Famous Minakari Painting Masters

Throughout history, numerous Persian master artisans have excelled in Minakari painting, leaving a legacy of exquisite craftsmanship and artistic innovation with their Meenakari art creations. The most famous Minakari masters are Gholamhossein Faizollahi, Hossein Hanrdoost, Ebrahim Zarkounim, Mohammad Ali Farshid, Mehdi Ghaffarian, Shukrallah Sanizadeh, and Nematullahi brothers. Do you want to have one of these artisans' masterpieces in your home? Click on the following picture to buy one at the fairest price.

minakari painting masterpieces

Final Expressions

Minakari painting is a highly valued Persian art form known for its intricate designs, vibrant colors, and meticulous craftsmanship. It has influenced decorative arts and jewelry-making worldwide and is considered a cultural treasure. CyrusCrafts, the International online antique store, offers Persian art and crafts to the whole world. You'll be able to see all our products and order each you like by filling out the order form. We will deliver your orders worldwide, including shipping and cargo.
Remember that the delivery time and costs for the USA, Middle East, and Canadian residents are less because of CyrusCrafts offices in these regions. If you have any ideas or information you'd like to add to this blog post, please share it as a comment. Suppose you have questions about the Minakari painting subjects or have a purchase from the website. In that case, we are ready to answer your questions, whether you ask them on WhatsApp by clicking the icon or asking it as a comment to be visible to all other readers.

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Comments (4)

    • N. Oliver
    • 2024-03-23 08:35:22
    The Persian enamel painting which tou call Minakari dates back to B.C.s.
    • Delaraam
    • 2024-07-02 05:47:29
    What are the main steps in creating a Minakari painting, and what are some critical materials and techniques used in the process?
    • Delaraam
    • 2024-07-02 05:47:30
    What are the main steps in creating a Minakari painting, and what are some critical materials and techniques used in the process?
    • CyrusCrafts
    • 2024-07-02 05:48:17
    Dear Delaraam, Creating a Minakari painting involves several sophisticated steps and the use of specific materials and techniques: Hand-Painting: Skilled artisans meticulously hand-paint the designs onto the surface of pottery, glass, or metal objects, primarily copper, using Persian enamel paints. Coloring the Base: The surfaces of the objects are colored with vivid enamel paints. The colors are chosen to create intricate patterns and motifs characteristic of Minakari art. Firing in a Kiln: The painted objects undergo a meticulous firing process in a kiln at temperatures between 700 and 800 degrees Celsius. This step solidifies the colors and ensures their durability and brilliance. Layering Enamel Colors: Multiple layers of enameling colors are applied to achieve the desired level of detail and vibrancy in the design. Polishing: After the firing process, the pieces are polished to enhance the luster and finish of the artwork, giving it a refined and elegant appearance.

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